State and Territory Abbreviations

Spell out state names; however, in instances where space is a consideration (lists, tabular material), use the standard state abbreviations below. Example: “Nearly half a million residents call Denver, Colorado, home.” Note the comma between the city and the state name, and another one following the state name. Use the two-letter postal abbreviations (with no periods) for states and territories in addresses with zip codes only (including addresses in running text).

Note that eight states’ names do not have standard abbreviations: Alaska, Hawaii, Idaho, Iowa, Maine, Ohio, Texas, and Utah.

StateStandardPostal
AlabamaAla.AL
AlaskaAlaskaAK
ArizonaAriz.AZ
ArkansasArk.AR
CaliforniaCalif.CA
Canal ZoneC.Z.CZ
ColoradoColo.CO
ConnecticutConn.CT
DelawareDel.DE
District of ColumbiaD.C.DC
FloridaFla.FL
GeorgiaGa.GA
GuamGuamGU
HawaiiHawaiiHI
IdahoIdahoID
IllinoisIll.IL
IndianaInd.IN
IowaIowaIA
KansasKan.KS
KentuckyKy.KY
LouisianaLa.LA
MaineMaineME
MarylandMd.MD
MassachusettsMass.MA
MichiganMich.MI
MinnesotaMinn.MN
MississippiMiss.MS
MissouriMo.MO
MontanaMont.MT
NebraskaNeb.NE
NevadaNev.NV
New HampshireN.H.NH
New JerseyN.J.NJ
New MexicoN.M.NM
New YorkN.Y.NY
North CarolinaN.C.NC
North DakotaN.D.ND
OhioOhioOH
OklahomaOkla.OK
OregonOre.OR
PennsylvaniaPa.PA
Puerto RicoP.R.PR
Rhode IslandR.I.RI
South CarolinaS.C.SC
South DakotaS.D.SD
TennesseeTenn.TN
TexasTexasTX
UtahUtahUT
VermontVt.VT
Virgin IslandsV.I.VI
VirginiaVa.VA
WashingtonWash.WA
West VirginiaW.Va.WV
WisconsinWis.WI
WyomingWyo.WY